Financial Guide to Divorce with Kids

Divorce can be a difficult point of transition in your life for numerous reasons. But when determining your new financial reality, accounting for your children can be a huge factor. Your child’s financial future post-divorce is a spanning subject, ranging from whether you can set up a college fund for them to how their existing extracurricular activities will be paid for.

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  • Written By
    Christian Simmons

    Christian Simmons

    Financial Writer and Certified Educator in Personal Finance

    Christian Simmons is a financial writer who has worked professionally as a journalist since 2016. As an active member of the Association for Financial Counseling & Planning (AFCPE), Christian prides himself on his ability to break down complex financial topics in ways that Annuity.org readers can easily understand.

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    Lamia Chowdhury
    Lamia Chowdhury

    Lamia Chowdhury

    Financial Editor

    Lamia Chowdhury is a financial editor at Annuity.org. Lamia carries an extensive skillset in the content marketing field, and her work as a copywriter spans industries as diverse as finance, health care, travel and restaurants.

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  • Updated: August 21, 2023
  • 10 min read time
  • This page features 6 Cited Research Articles
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APA Simmons, C. (2023, August 21). Financial Guide to Divorce with Kids. Annuity.org. Retrieved June 15, 2024, from https://dev.annuity.org/personal-finance/financial-wellness/divorce-with-kids/

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Chicago Simmons, Christian. "Financial Guide to Divorce with Kids." Annuity.org. Last modified August 21, 2023. https://dev.annuity.org/personal-finance/financial-wellness/divorce-with-kids/.

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Key Takeaways

  • Divorce can be a life-altering event and can require significant rethinking of your child’s financial situation.
  • Developing a budget and coordinating with your ex-spouse can help you develop a solid plan to handle the day-to-day care and expenses that come with raising a child.
  • Long-term planning is important to consider as well and can include things like saving for college or estate planning.

How Much Does Divorce Cost?

Simply put, there are few cheap ways to go about getting a divorce. It is a process that is inherently expensive. The exact cost can vary heavily by situation, but the cost of a divorce can often easily exceed $10,000.

A huge part of this is due to the cost of legal expenses. According to Harvard Law, attempting to carry out a divorce without the services of an attorney is close to impossible to pull off.

The cost of a divorce and attorney may rise if it is a contentious split with many variables needing to be hashed out in court. If you end up in a custody battle, that can also add on significant expenses.

On top of court fees, your assets are also likely to take a hit. In addition to potentially splitting your financial assets in half depending on your situation, there are other factors to consider as well.

For example, you may need to find a new home, which can involve buying a house, and may need to fully furnish and stock it.

Anything you currently have that you will not receive post-divorce will need to be replaced. Those many expenses can add up fast.

Post-divorce expenses

Understanding the Relationship Between Your Kids and Your Finances

When going through a divorce, understanding the relationship between your kids and your finances can be a huge part of establishing a plan to ensure your future financial wellness.

If you are a parent planning your post-divorce future, it’s important to remember that your children may be your largest expense. According to the Brookings Institution, raising a child from birth to 17 years old can accumulate to more than $300,000.

Did you know?

The cost of raising a child from birth to 17 averages out to nearly $20,000 a year.

This is why accounting for your children’s lifestyle can be a huge concern if you’re going through a divorce.

“Even in consultations with clients who aren’t even my clients yet, they are still worried about the children and their lifestyle,” Olivia Summerhill, a Certified Financial Planner™ and Certified Divorce Financial Analyst, told Annuity.org. 

“If they are used to swim practice or horseback riding practice, whatever it may be, they want their kids to still have that lifestyle.”

Understanding the sheer volume of financial responsibility that comes with raising a child can help you be better prepared to account for that concern while going through the divorce process.

Whatever your financial future may be, the cost of caring for your children will likely be a huge part of it.

Establish Your Child’s Expenses

When determining your financial outlook with your kids post-divorce, establishing their expenses can help you get a clear view of your personal finance situation.

Remember that this involves a lot more than what it costs to feed and clothe them. Is child support needed and will you receive it? Which spouse’s insurance does it make sense for the child to be on?

Establishing a full view of what it will financially take to raise your child can help you begin planning to do so.

Tracking Expenses

Tracking expenses can be huge to establishing the financial cost of raising your children. It can be surprising how many seemingly small things like replenishing school supplies or buying a new toy can quickly add up.

One way to potentially get started is to spend one month tracking every expense related to your child, both one-off and recurring. Keeping tabs on every single financial purchase for your child can help you see the bigger picture of what kind of long-term budget you will need.

Budgeting does not come easy to everyone, but there are many apps and services to help in this endeavor. A few popular and easy-to-use budgeting apps include Mint, Fudget and Goodbudget.

One divorce-specific option that can be helpful is OurFamilyWizard, which serves as a co-parenting app for those splitting custody.

Plan for Unexpected Expenses 

When you are responsible for a child, there are many everyday costs that can add up over time and eat into your finances. But there are unexpected expenses to be aware of as well.

Part of establishing your financial plan may include ensuring that you have the resources to deal with a large and unplanned for expense.

Common Unexpected Expenses of Raising Children

  • Unexpected doctor’s visits
  • Surprising school or extracurricular costs
  • Replacement of expensive items 

Setting up an emergency fund can be a helpful way to deal with the risk of unplanned expenses. While that is naturally easier said than done, saving makes a huge difference.

Any amount at all that can be put away here and there to build up a fund can help. Having something is better than having nothing.

Assess Your Child’s Financial Future

Understanding your child’s day-to-day expenses and budgeting for how you will deal with them is a huge part of establishing your post-divorce financial reality.

But the planning doesn’t stop there. On top of daily expenses, determining what your child’s financial future now looks like is a huge part of going through divorce as well.

Depending on your situation and that of your ex-spouse, your child’s financial outlook may have dramatically shifted. This includes everything from planning for college to establishing a savings account for your child.

Estate Plans and Inheritance 

After going through divorce, your circumstances have shifted significantly. That means your estate plan may have to as well. 

Updating your will along with a financial plan for your child and what will happen to them if something happens to you can be an important post-divorce step.

Sometimes, a will that a spouse is connected to will automatically dissolve after a divorce, requiring a new will to be made. But this can vary by the situation.

Ensuring that your child is in line to receive your assets if something happens to you can be critical.

Beginning To Save 

Depending on their age, if your child does not already have a savings account or hasn’t learned how to save money, post-divorce can be a good time to start teaching them the basics of finance. 

It may seem silly or unimportant to create an account for a young child. But small contributions over the years of childhood can make a huge difference as they add up and help to send your child out into the world with an established nest egg.

You may also need to adjust an existing savings plan for your child post-divorce. For example, does something like their allowance need to change?

Read More: The Best Savings Accounts for Kids and Teens in 2023

Preparing for College 

College can be a potentially huge expense and one that takes years to properly prepare for. According to the Educational Data Initiative, in-state tuition can cost in the range of $9,000 while out-of-state tuition can exceed $25,000.

These are expenses that you may not be able to plan for overnight. Establishing a clear college savings plan for your child can help to tackle that goal. This can include involving your ex-spouse to determine if they will be involved in this savings goal. 

Determining how much you can fit into your regular budget to contribute to a college fund, along with whatever contributions your ex-spouse will make, can help you get a clearly defined picture of where your child’s college savings will be at by the time they are graduating from high school.

Keep in mind, there are also avenues like applying for scholarships that can help to cut into those expenses.

Read More: Students & Financial Literacy

How Does Divorce Impact Your Own Finances?

Divorce impacts your finances in many ways and, depending on your situation, can be a potentially massive adjustment. It can be stressful to have your financial situation dramatically altered, especially when you are responsible for children.

“It’s a huge topic and a huge amount of stress no matter what the financial situation of the parents is,” Summerhill said.

But understanding the ways your finances will be impacted can help you more easily grasp how you will need to adjust your life and what it will take to overcome these changes.

This includes considerations such as whether you will need to get a job or change jobs. Your tax bracket and situation may also have evolved. 

Child support is also a major factor to consider. State governments’ websites typically offer calculators to help you determine how much child support you may be in line for.

But it is rarely something you can solely rely on.

“You have to take into consideration that child support most likely is not going to cover everything,” Summerhill said. “It’s quite saddening to see the numbers of how much child support actually covers. It’s so minimal, it’s shocking in every state that I work in.”

Changes to Your Schedule

One major post-divorce factor to consider is changes to your schedule, especially in relation to your child.

This is the time when it will be determined whether you are splitting custody along with whether you will have more or less time with your child than before.

If you are fully splitting custody and your children will be moving between two homes, this can result in dramatic schedule alterations since there will be days where you are fully responsible for them and days where you are on your own.

This can affect your budget, the hours you work and more.

Coordinating with your ex-spouse can be helpful. It is another reason that divorces that are not contentious can be beneficial, even though that is not always possible.

“If they can go collaborative or with mediation and really work together as a team of parents with children through the divorce process — child support, alimony, and all that can be changed because you are the ones being creative as a unit and making those decisions,” Summerhill said.

Tax Implications 

There are serious tax implications to keep in mind when going through a divorce with children as well. The first is how your tax bracket has changed. Your individual situation may look a lot different than it did when you were still married.

And there are also implications directly related to your child. Both parents cannot claim the child as a dependent, so this will need to be sorted out between ex-spouses.

But that doesn’t mean that you have to completely lose out on tax advantages.

“You can be very creative if you can work with your significant other,” Summerhill said. “Each year, you can divvy it up where you get the tax benefits and you have them as the dependent post-divorce, and then next year, the other spouse gets it. You can play it however you want.”

Frequently Asked Questions About Handling Finances in Divorce

How is child support determined?

The way child support is determined varies by state, but it generally involves getting into contact with both parents and setting a payment amount and structure based on their specific situation.

Will a divorce impact your child’s personal finances?

A divorce can dramatically impact your child’s personal finances. You will likely have to rethink everything from saving for college to your child’s allowance depending on how significantly your finances have shifted post-divorce. 

How much does a divorce cost?

The cost of divorce can vary significantly, but a 2019 study by Martindale-Nolo found that the average cost is $12,900.

Who can help you set your child up for financial success?

Speaking with a financial advisor can potentially help you to set up your child for financial success. Teaching your child the importance of things like saving and budgeting can make a big difference as well. 

Expert Contributor

Olivia Summerhill headshot

Olivia Summerhill

Certified Financial Planner & Certified Divorce Financial Analyst

Please seek the advice of a qualified professional before making financial decisions.
Last Modified: August 21, 2023

6 Cited Research Articles

Annuity.org writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

  1. Women’s Law. (2023, April 27). Child Support. Retrieved from https://www.womenslaw.org/laws/general/child-support
  2. Brookings. (2022, August). Future Estimated Annual Expenditures of Raising a Child. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/Brookings_Cost-to-raise-a-child_inflation-adjusted-2.pdf
  3. U.S. Office of Child Support Services. (2022, May 17). How Does Child Support Work? Retrieved from https://www.acf.hhs.gov/archive/css/parents/how-does-child-support-work
  4. Education Data Initiative. (2022, April 28). Average In-State vs. Out-of-State Tuition. Retrieved from https://educationdata.org/average-in-state-vs-out-of-state-tuition
  5. Reed, R. (2021, April 29). Breaking Up Is Hard To Do, Especially When You Don’t Have a Lawyer. Retrieved from https://hls.harvard.edu/today/breaking-up-is-hard-to-do-especially-when-you-dont-have-a-lawyer/
  6. Clampet, C. (2019, November). Re-Adjusting Finances After Divorce. Retrieved from https://extension.okstate.edu/fact-sheets/re-adjusting-finances-t-6612.html