50+ Essential Retirement Statistics for 2023

Three-quarters of Americans agree that the country is facing a retirement crisis, making research around the topic more relevant than ever. We dug into the data on every angle of retirement and compiled the most important statistics below. Read on to learn about what today’s retirees face, from financial challenges to lifestyle decisions and more.

  • Edited By
    Kim Borwick
    Kim Borwick, Financial Editor for Annuity.org

    Kim Borwick

    Financial Editor

    Kim Borwick is a writer and editor who studies financial literacy and retirement annuities. She has extensive experience with editing educational content and financial topics for Annuity.org.

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  • Financially Reviewed By
    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA
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    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA

    Investment, Corporate Finance and Accounting Expert

    Thomas Brock, CFA®, CPA, is a financial professional with over 20 years of experience in investments, corporate finance and accounting. He currently oversees the investment operation for a $4 billion super-regional insurance carrier.

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  • Updated: August 23, 2023
  • 6 min read time
  • This page features 37 Cited Research Articles
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Key Takeaways

  • You can receive Social Security benefits as early as age 62.
  • The Social Security full retirement age stands at 65 for individuals born in 1937 and prior, 66 for those born between 1943 and 1954, and 67 for those born in 1960 onwards.
  • On average, women have saved 30% less than men by the time they are ready for retirement.
  • Over half (59% percent) of workers plan to work in retirement.

Retirement Demographics

Retirement Age

  • 62 is the current average retirement age for retirees in the U.S., while the expected retirement age for current workers is 66 years old. 
  • The full retirement age is 67 for those born in 1960 or after.
  • The retirement age is lowest in Alaska and West Virginia, where people retire at 61 years old on average.
  • The retirement age is highest in South Dakota, Massachusetts and Hawaii, where people retire at 66 years old on average.

“This article provides a “snapshot” of retiree finances from a variety of sources. Learning about demographic characteristics of retirees and how others are saving and navigating retirement can help inform how long you continue to work and how and where you save.

No matter what your age, income, gender or race, saving for retirement is important. Your future self will thank you for the money that you set aside today.”

Global Retirement Statistics

Country Normal Retirement Age
United States 66
United Kingdom 66
Canada 65
France 63.5
Greece 62
Italy 62
Netherlands 66.3
Israel 67
New Zealand 65
Mexico 65
Japan 65
Source: World Population Review

Women and Retirement

  • According to a 2023 Bank of America study, a women’s average 401(k) balance is just $59,000, whereas men’s average 401(k) balance is $89,000.
  • According to the same Bank of America study, more men (10%) contribute the maximum amount to their 401(k) compared to women (7%).  
  • According to a 2023 New York Life survey, women saved about $3,146 in 2022 – whereas men saved around $7,007. 
  • Only 17% of women reported that they felt on track to meet their financial goals, compared to 26% of men, according to the 2023 New York Life survey.
  • 42% of women plan to have less than $3,000 each month in retirement, compared to 27% of men.
  • According to the United States Census Bureau, women (50%) are more likely than men (47%) to not have any retirement savings. 
  • Women also have less in their retirement funds, with only 22% having $100,000 or more saved – whereas 30% of men have more than $100,000 in their retirement savings. 

Retirement and Race

  • According to the Fed’s most recent report on disparities in wealth, 44% of Black families have some type of retirement account, compared to 28% of Hispanic families and 65% of White families.
  • White families are also more likely to have access to employer-sponsored retirement plans than Black or Hispanic families.
  • Black and Hispanic families have about $20,000 saved in retirement accounts, compared to White families – who have about $50,000 saved.
  • According to the American Society of Aging, older adults of color “who live alone are far more likely to experience economic insecurity.” 
  • 72% of older Hispanic singles face economic insecurity, compared to 64% of older Black singles, 59% of older Asian singles – and 47% of older White singles.
  • About 44% of Black families and 50% of Hispanic families own their primary residence, versus 72% percent of White families.
Graph of Retirement Savings by Race
Source: American Society on Aging and the U.S. Federal Reserve, 2020

Retirement Finances


  • According to the most recent data from the Fed, 75% of non-retired adults have some kind of retirement savings. 
  • However, only 40% of non-retirees who have a retirement account believe their retirement savings are on track.
  • According to the most recent data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation by the U.S. Census Bureau, at 34.6%, 401(k) style accounts are the most popular retirement savings vehicles among working-age Americans. 
  • 18% of working-age individuals have an IRA account.
  • 13.5% of working-age individuals have a defined-benefit or cash balance plan. 
  • According to a 2023 Gallup poll, only 43% of non-retired adults expect to be financially comfortable in retirement. 
  • 77% of current retirees reported that they have enough money to live comfortably. 
  • According to the 2023 Gallup poll, 71% of non-retired adults reported moderate worry about their retirement savings, with 42% reporting that they are very worried.
How Are Workers Funding Retirement
Source: Gallup, 2023

Social Security

  • According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, about one in every five U.S. residents (66 million people) received Social Security benefits in February 2023. 
  • Nine out of ten people over the age of 65 received Social Security benefits in 2022. 
  • Social Security accounts for about 30% of older adults’ income. 
  • 37% of men and 42% of women who receive Social Security benefits rely on it for more than half of their income.
  • In 2022, retired workers accounted for 76.9% of total benefits paid. 
  • In 2022, the average monthly Social Security benefit for retired workers was $1,825. 

Life in Retirement

Life In Retirement


  • More than half of workers (59%) plan to work in retirement.
  • According to a 2022 survey from Edward Jones Financial, 61% of older adults who’ve been retired for zero to two years are interested in working in retirement. 
  • 10% of older adults who are three to 14 years into retirement report working as one of their favorite activities. 
  • A 2022 report from Goldman Sachs shows that 34% of retirees prefer working part-time as a means of generating needed income. 


  • According to the 2022 Survey by the Employee Benefit Research Institute, approximately half of retirees reported spending less than $2,000 per month. 
  • Individuals 65 years of age or older spent $52,141 on average in 2021, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 
  • Retirees reported housing as their largest monthly expense and food as their second largest expenditure. 
  • 27% of retirees report that their spending amounts are higher than what they can afford. 
  • Nine out of ten retirees reported inflation as the most common reason why they’ve decreased their spending. 


  • In 2021, independent living was the most common type of housing for older adults at 49.8% – followed by 28.8% for nursing care and 21.4% for assisted care, according to Statista. 
  • According to the National Library of Medicine, nearly 1.5 million older adults currently reside in nursing homes, with 1 million older adults living in assisted living facilities. 
  • Approximately 33% of older adults will live in a nursing home at some point in their life, according to Health In Aging. 

My position was eliminated after 21 years of progressively responsible employment in 2021. I am 64, and after 9 months in the job market, I’m leaning toward early retirement. I was planning on retiring at 66, but after reading this article, I’m not retiring so ‘early.’ I like reviewing stats. This article was helpful in analyzing my current situation.

Editor Malori Malone contributed to this article. 

Please seek the advice of a qualified professional before making financial decisions.
Last Modified: August 23, 2023

37 Cited Research Articles

Annuity.org writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

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